A sustainable resource Most versatile plant in the world
Coconut wood has good environmental credentials, because it is sourced from senile plantations, originally planted and managed for coconut and copra crops. Extensive areas of coconut plantations are grown throughout the Pacific Region and Asia in the early half of the 20th century in order to harvest the coconut fruit...
The tree bears fruit until approximately 70 years of age, at which point it is considered to have reached the end of its economic life and is felled to make way for future crops. Traditionally, the trunks have been wasted by-products from this process.Large areas of now senile palms yield and replanting is economically sustainable when coconut stems are sold for coconut wood processing. High value products like flooring are being developed in a growing international market. The emerging coconut wood harvesting and processing sector provides income for smallholders and employment for regional communities. Considering as the coconut wood similar as a vegetal fibre specie, there is none requirement at all for a wood certification.
The Coconut wood
The coconut tree is a monocotyledon. It has a smooth, slender stem that grows to a height of about 25 metres and with an average diameter of 300 mm. The hardest, densest part of the wood is found on the outer perimeter of the trunk, which gives the tree its strength, while the wood’s high silica content gives the tree elasticity.
One of primary uses of coconut timber is for building construction. Coconut timber is suitable for housing components like trusses, purlins, walls, joists, doors, window frames and jalousies. Low density coconut wood materials (from the centre of the stem) should be used only in non-load structures like walls and panels while high density coconut wood (from the perimeter of the stem) can be used for load-bearing structures like trusses and joints. Table 6 could serve as a guide for prospective users of coconut timber for building construction. Table 7 lists the different coconut timber derived products and the recommended characteristics of raw materials to use.,
Coconut wood can be a promising material for the manufacture of furniture, novelties and other handicrafts due to its beautiful grain and attractive natural appearance. High value coconut wood products which include furniture, decorative interior walls, parquet floors, various novelties and curio items like walking sticks, ash trays, hammer handles, egg cups, plates, bowls, vases, etc. are equally, if not more than, comparable to the traditional wood species commonly used in the furniture industry as far as appearance is concerned. Hence, with effective product promotion, quality furniture and other high value coconut wood products can have a potential share not only in the domestic but also in the world markets.